differential geometry cartan s generalization of klein s erlangen program graduate texts in mathematics

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Differential Geometry

Author : R.W. Sharpe
ISBN : 0387947329
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 47. 16 MB
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Cartan geometries were the first examples of connections on a principal bundle. They seem to be almost unknown these days, in spite of the great beauty and conceptual power they confer on geometry. The aim of the present book is to fill the gap in the literature on differential geometry by the missing notion of Cartan connections. Although the author had in mind a book accessible to graduate students, potential readers would also include working differential geometers who would like to know more about what Cartan did, which was to give a notion of "espaces giniralisis" (= Cartan geometries) generalizing homogeneous spaces (= Klein geometries) in the same way that Riemannian geometry generalizes Euclidean geometry. In addition, physicists will be interested to see the fully satisfying way in which their gauge theory can be truly regarded as geometry.

Cartan For Beginners

Author : Thomas Andrew Ivey
ISBN : 9780821833759
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 78. 39 MB
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This book is an introduction to Cartan's approach to differential geometry. Two central methods in Cartan's geometry are the theory of exterior differential systems and the method of moving frames. This book presents thorough and modern treatments of both subjects, including their applications to both classic and contemporary problems. It begins with the classical geometry of surfaces and basic Riemannian geometry in the language of moving frames, along with an elementary introduction to exterior differential systems. Key concepts are developed incrementally with motivating examples leading to definitions, theorems, and proofs. Once the basics of the methods are established, the authors develop applications and advanced topics.One notable application is to complex algebraic geometry, where they expand and update important results from projective differential geometry. The book features an introduction to $G$-structures and a treatment of the theory of connections. The Cartan machinery is also applied to obtain explicit solutions of PDEs via Darboux's method, the method of characteristics, and Cartan's method of equivalence. This text is suitable for a one-year graduate course in differential geometry, and parts of it can be used for a one-semester course. It has numerous exercises and examples throughout. It will also be useful to experts in areas such as PDEs and algebraic geometry who want to learn how moving frames and exterior differential systems apply to their fields.

Riemannian Geometry And Geometric Analysis

Author : Jürgen Jost
ISBN : 9783319618609
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59. 72 MB
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This established reference work continues to provide its readers with a gateway to some of the most interesting developments in contemporary geometry. It offers insight into a wide range of topics, including fundamental concepts of Riemannian geometry, such as geodesics, connections and curvature; the basic models and tools of geometric analysis, such as harmonic functions, forms, mappings, eigenvalues, the Dirac operator and the heat flow method; as well as the most important variational principles of theoretical physics, such as Yang-Mills, Ginzburg-Landau or the nonlinear sigma model of quantum field theory. The present volume connects all these topics in a systematic geometric framework. At the same time, it equips the reader with the working tools of the field and enables her or him to delve into geometric research. The 7th edition has been systematically reorganized and updated. Almost no page has been left unchanged. It also includes new material, for instance on symplectic geometry, as well as the Bishop-Gromov volume growth theorem which elucidates the geometric role of Ricci curvature. From the reviews:“This book provides a very readable introduction to Riemannian geometry and geometric analysis... With the vast development of the mathematical subject of geometric analysis, the present textbook is most welcome.” Mathematical Reviews “For readers familiar with the basics of differential geometry and some acquaintance with modern analysis, the book is reasonably self-contained. The book succeeds very well in laying out the foundations of modern Riemannian geometry and geometric analysis. It introduces a number of key techniques and provides a representative overview of the field.” Monatshefte für Mathematik

Principal Bundles

Author : Stephen Bruce Sontz
ISBN : 9783319147659
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 99 MB
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This introductory graduate level text provides a relatively quick path to a special topic in classical differential geometry: principal bundles. While the topic of principal bundles in differential geometry has become classic, even standard, material in the modern graduate mathematics curriculum, the unique approach taken in this text presents the material in a way that is intuitive for both students of mathematics and of physics. The goal of this book is to present important, modern geometric ideas in a form readily accessible to students and researchers in both the physics and mathematics communities, providing each with an understanding and appreciation of the language and ideas of the other.

Using The Mathematics Literature

Author : Kristine K. Fowler
ISBN : 0824750357
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 59. 57 MB
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This reference serves as a reader-friendly guide to every basic tool and skill required in the mathematical library and helps mathematicians find resources in any format in the mathematics literature. It lists a wide range of standard texts, journals, review articles, newsgroups, and Internet and database tools for every major subfield in mathematics and details methods of access to primary literature sources of new research, applications, results, and techniques. Using the Mathematics Literature is the most comprehensive and up-to-date resource on mathematics literature in both print and electronic formats, presenting time-saving strategies for retrieval of the latest information.

What Is Geometry

Author : Giandomenico Sica
ISBN : 9788876990304
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 32. 46 MB
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An Alternative Approach To Lie Groups And Geometric Structures

Author : Ercüment Ortaçgil
ISBN : 9780192554840
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 74. 16 MB
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This book presents a new and innovative approach to Lie groups and differential geometry. Rather than compiling and reviewing the existing material on this classical subject, Professor Ortaçgil instead questions the foundations of the subject, and proposes a new direction. Aimed at the curious and courageous mathematician, this book aims to provoke further debate and inspire further development of this original research.

Differential Geometry And Its Applications

Author :
ISBN : 9789812790613
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 24. 2 MB
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This volume contains invited lectures and selected research papers in the fields of classical and modern differential geometry, global analysis, and geometric methods in physics, presented at the 10th International Conference on Differential Geometry and its Applications (DGA2007), held in Olomouc, Czech Republic.The book covers recent developments and the latest results in the following fields: Riemannian geometry, connections, jets, differential invariants, the calculus of variations on manifolds, differential equations, Finsler structures, and geometric methods in physics. It is also a celebration of the 300th anniversary of the birth of one of the greatest mathematicians, Leonhard Euler, and includes the Euler lecture OC Leonhard Euler OCo 300 years onOCO by R Wilson. Notable contributors include J F Cariena, M Castrilln Lpez, J Erichhorn, J-H Eschenburg, I KoliO, A P Kopylov, J Korbai, O Kowalski, B Kruglikov, D Krupka, O Krupkovi, R L(r)andre, Haizhong Li, S Maeda, M A Malakhaltsev, O I Mokhov, J Muoz Masqu(r), S Preston, V Rovenski, D J Saunders, M Sekizawa, J Slovik, J Szilasi, L Tamissy, P Walczak, and others."

Differential Geometry

Author : Heinrich W. Guggenheimer
ISBN : 9780486157207
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 70. 52 MB
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This text contains an elementary introduction to continuous groups and differential invariants; an extensive treatment of groups of motions in euclidean, affine, and riemannian geometry; more. Includes exercises and 62 figures.

Linear Topological Spaces

Author : John Leroy Kelley
ISBN : 9783662419144
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 78. 43 MB
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