supervised sequence labelling with recurrent neural networks studies in computational intelligence

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Supervised Sequence Labelling With Recurrent Neural Networks

Author : Alex Graves
ISBN : 9783642247965
Genre : Computers
File Size : 79. 88 MB
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Supervised sequence labelling is a vital area of machine learning, encompassing tasks such as speech, handwriting and gesture recognition, protein secondary structure prediction and part-of-speech tagging. Recurrent neural networks are powerful sequence learning tools—robust to input noise and distortion, able to exploit long-range contextual information—that would seem ideally suited to such problems. However their role in large-scale sequence labelling systems has so far been auxiliary. The goal of this book is a complete framework for classifying and transcribing sequential data with recurrent neural networks only. Three main innovations are introduced in order to realise this goal. Firstly, the connectionist temporal classification output layer allows the framework to be trained with unsegmented target sequences, such as phoneme-level speech transcriptions; this is in contrast to previous connectionist approaches, which were dependent on error-prone prior segmentation. Secondly, multidimensional recurrent neural networks extend the framework in a natural way to data with more than one spatio-temporal dimension, such as images and videos. Thirdly, the use of hierarchical subsampling makes it feasible to apply the framework to very large or high resolution sequences, such as raw audio or video. Experimental validation is provided by state-of-the-art results in speech and handwriting recognition.

Supervised Sequence Labelling With Recurrent Neural Networks

Author : Alex Graves
ISBN : 9783642247972
Genre : Computers
File Size : 36. 42 MB
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Supervised sequence labelling is a vital area of machine learning, encompassing tasks such as speech, handwriting and gesture recognition, protein secondary structure prediction and part-of-speech tagging. Recurrent neural networks are powerful sequence learning tools—robust to input noise and distortion, able to exploit long-range contextual information—that would seem ideally suited to such problems. However their role in large-scale sequence labelling systems has so far been auxiliary. The goal of this book is a complete framework for classifying and transcribing sequential data with recurrent neural networks only. Three main innovations are introduced in order to realise this goal. Firstly, the connectionist temporal classification output layer allows the framework to be trained with unsegmented target sequences, such as phoneme-level speech transcriptions; this is in contrast to previous connectionist approaches, which were dependent on error-prone prior segmentation. Secondly, multidimensional recurrent neural networks extend the framework in a natural way to data with more than one spatio-temporal dimension, such as images and videos. Thirdly, the use of hierarchical subsampling makes it feasible to apply the framework to very large or high resolution sequences, such as raw audio or video. Experimental validation is provided by state-of-the-art results in speech and handwriting recognition.

Supervised Sequence Labelling With Recurrent Neural Networks

Author : Alex Graves
ISBN : 3642432182
Genre : Computers
File Size : 33. 96 MB
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Supervised sequence labelling is a vital area of machine learning, encompassing tasks such as speech, handwriting and gesture recognition, protein secondary structure prediction and part-of-speech tagging. Recurrent neural networks are powerful sequence learning tools—robust to input noise and distortion, able to exploit long-range contextual information—that would seem ideally suited to such problems. However their role in large-scale sequence labelling systems has so far been auxiliary. The goal of this book is a complete framework for classifying and transcribing sequential data with recurrent neural networks only. Three main innovations are introduced in order to realise this goal. Firstly, the connectionist temporal classification output layer allows the framework to be trained with unsegmented target sequences, such as phoneme-level speech transcriptions; this is in contrast to previous connectionist approaches, which were dependent on error-prone prior segmentation. Secondly, multidimensional recurrent neural networks extend the framework in a natural way to data with more than one spatio-temporal dimension, such as images and videos. Thirdly, the use of hierarchical subsampling makes it feasible to apply the framework to very large or high resolution sequences, such as raw audio or video. Experimental validation is provided by state-of-the-art results in speech and handwriting recognition.

Recurrent Neural Networks For Prediction

Author : Danilo P. Mandic
ISBN : 0471495174
Genre : Computers
File Size : 31. 93 MB
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New technologies in engineering, physics and biomedicine are demanding increasingly complex methods of digital signal processing. By presenting the latest research work the authors demonstrate how real-time recurrent neural networks (RNNs) can be implemented to expand the range of traditional signal processing techniques and to help combat the problem of prediction. Within this text neural networks are considered as massively interconnected nonlinear adaptive filters. ? Analyses the relationships between RNNs and various nonlinear models and filters, and introduces spatio-temporal architectures together with the concepts of modularity and nesting ? Examines stability and relaxation within RNNs ? Presents on-line learning algorithms for nonlinear adaptive filters and introduces new paradigms which exploit the concepts of a priori and a posteriori errors, data-reusing adaptation, and normalisation ? Studies convergence and stability of on-line learning algorithms based upon optimisation techniques such as contraction mapping and fixed point iteration ? Describes strategies for the exploitation of inherent relationships between parameters in RNNs ? Discusses practical issues such as predictability and nonlinearity detecting and includes several practical applications in areas such as air pollutant modelling and prediction, attractor discovery and chaos, ECG signal processing, and speech processing Recurrent Neural Networks for Prediction offers a new insight into the learning algorithms, architectures and stability of recurrent neural networks and, consequently, will have instant appeal. It provides an extensive background for researchers, academics and postgraduates enabling them to apply such networks in new applications. VISIT OUR COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY WEBSITE! http://www.wiley.co.uk/commstech/ VISIT OUR WEB PAGE! http://www.wiley.co.uk/

Computational Intelligence Paradigms In Advanced Pattern Classification

Author : Marek R. Ogiela
ISBN : 9783642240485
Genre : Computers
File Size : 42. 55 MB
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This monograph presents selected areas of application of pattern recognition and classification approaches including handwriting recognition, medical image analysis and interpretation, development of cognitive systems for image computer understanding, moving object detection, advanced image filtration and intelligent multi-object labelling and classification. It is directed to the scientists, application engineers, professors, professors and students will find this book useful.

Learning Deep Architectures For Ai

Author : Yoshua Bengio
ISBN : 9781601982940
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39. 1 MB
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Theoretical results suggest that in order to learn the kind of complicated functions that can represent high-level abstractions (e.g. in vision, language, and other AI-level tasks), one may need deep architectures. Deep architectures are composed of multiple levels of non-linear operations, such as in neural nets with many hidden layers or in complicated propositional formulae re-using many sub-formulae. Searching the parameter space of deep architectures is a difficult task, but learning algorithms such as those for Deep Belief Networks have recently been proposed to tackle this problem with notable success, beating the state-of-the-art in certain areas. This paper discusses the motivations and principles regarding learning algorithms for deep architectures, in particular those exploiting as building blocks unsupervised learning of single-layer models such as Restricted Boltzmann Machines, used to construct deeper models such as Deep Belief Networks.

Artificial Intelligence And Soft Computing

Author : Leszek Rutkowski
ISBN : 9783319590639
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56. 36 MB
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The two-volume set LNAI 10245 and LNAI 10246 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing, ICAISC 2017, held in Zakopane, Poland in June 2017. The 133 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 274 submissions. The papers included in the first volume are organized in the following five parts: neural networks and their applications; fuzzy systems and their applications; evolutionary algorithms and their applications; computer vision, image and speech analysis; and bioinformatics, biometrics and medical applications.

Computational Intelligence For Pattern Recognition

Author : Witold Pedrycz
ISBN : 9783319896298
Genre : Computers
File Size : 74. 19 MB
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The book presents a comprehensive and up-to-date review of fuzzy pattern recognition. It carefully discusses a range of methodological and algorithmic issues, as well as implementations and case studies, and identifies the best design practices, assesses business models and practices of pattern recognition in real-world applications in industry, health care, administration, and business. Since the inception of fuzzy sets, fuzzy pattern recognition with its methodology, algorithms, and applications, has offered new insights into the principles and practice of pattern classification. Computational intelligence (CI) establishes a comprehensive framework aimed at fostering the paradigm of pattern recognition. The collection of contributions included in this book offers a representative overview of the advances in the area, with timely, in-depth and comprehensive material on the conceptually appealing and practically sound methodology and practices of CI-based pattern recognition.

Connectionist Speech Recognition

Author : Hervé A. Bourlard
ISBN : 9781461532101
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67. 23 MB
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Connectionist Speech Recognition: A Hybrid Approach describes the theory and implementation of a method to incorporate neural network approaches into state of the art continuous speech recognition systems based on hidden Markov models (HMMs) to improve their performance. In this framework, neural networks (and in particular, multilayer perceptrons or MLPs) have been restricted to well-defined subtasks of the whole system, i.e. HMM emission probability estimation and feature extraction. The book describes a successful five-year international collaboration between the authors. The lessons learned form a case study that demonstrates how hybrid systems can be developed to combine neural networks with more traditional statistical approaches. The book illustrates both the advantages and limitations of neural networks in the framework of a statistical systems. Using standard databases and comparison with some conventional approaches, it is shown that MLP probability estimation can improve recognition performance. Other approaches are discussed, though there is no such unequivocal experimental result for these methods. Connectionist Speech Recognition is of use to anyone intending to use neural networks for speech recognition or within the framework provided by an existing successful statistical approach. This includes research and development groups working in the field of speech recognition, both with standard and neural network approaches, as well as other pattern recognition and/or neural network researchers. The book is also suitable as a text for advanced courses on neural networks or speech processing.

Learning With Recurrent Neural Networks

Author : Barbara Hammer
ISBN : 9781846285677
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33. 96 MB
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Folding networks, a generalisation of recurrent neural networks to tree structured inputs, are investigated as a mechanism to learn regularities on classical symbolic data, for example. The architecture, the training mechanism, and several applications in different areas are explained. Afterwards a theoretical foundation, proving that the approach is appropriate as a learning mechanism in principle, is presented: Their universal approximation ability is investigated- including several new results for standard recurrent neural networks such as explicit bounds on the required number of neurons and the super Turing capability of sigmoidal recurrent networks. The information theoretical learnability is examined - including several contribution to distribution dependent learnability, an answer to an open question posed by Vidyasagar, and a generalisation of the recent luckiness framework to function classes. Finally, the complexity of training is considered - including new results on the loading problem for standard feedforward networks with an arbitrary multilayered architecture, a correlated number of neurons and training set size, a varying number of hidden neurons but fixed input dimension, or the sigmoidal activation function, respectively.

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