women in human evolution

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Women In Human Evolution

Author : Lori Hager
ISBN : 9781134840106
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41. 14 MB
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This volume, the first of it's kind, examines the role of women paleontologists and archaeologists in a field traditionally dominated by men. Women researchers in this field, have questioned many of the assumptions and developmental scenarios advanced by male scientists. As a result of such efforts, women have forged a more central role in models of human development and have radically altered the way in which human evolution is perceived. This history of the feminist critique of science, is of profound significance and will be of interest to all those who work in the fields of anthropology, archaeology, paleontology, and human biology.

Sex Time And Power

Author : Leonard Shlain
ISBN : 0142004677
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38. 38 MB
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From the best selling author of Art and Physics and The Alphabet Versus the Goddess comes a provocative new book that will change our views of human sexuality and evolution. According to Leonard Shlain there is no clear and compelling explanation for the sudden emergence of glib, big-brained Homo sapiens 150,000 years ago. In his latest book, he proposes an original thesis that variations in female sexuality changed the course of human evolution. Due to the narrowness of her bipedal pelvis and the increasing size of her infant's head, the human female began to experience high childbirth death rates. Natural selection adapted her to this environmental stress by drastically reconfiguring her hormonal cycles. Her estrus with its external signal that she was ovulating disappeared as her menses became the most florid of any mammal and it mysteriously entrained with the periodicity of the moon. These interlocking adaptations led the first women to grasp the concept of a month and make the connection between sex and pregnancy.

Evolution And Gender

Author : Rosemary L. Hopcroft
ISBN : 9781317353300
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60. 50 MB
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Offering new research and analysis on the relation between gender and evolution, this book explains conflict between the sexes and the frequent emergence and stubborn continuation of patriarchal regimes that serve to control the behavior of women in societies around the world, both past and present. Women and men are different, on average. But that does not mean they are unequal. Indeed, understanding average differences is key to the full realization of equality in health care and other dimensions of social life. Hopcroft shows that gender differences in physiology, psychology, and behavior can be traced to slight differences in evolved traits between men and women. These differences exist because of sex differences in investment in offspring, which meant that, in the environment of evolution, some adaptive problems were more important for men to solve than for women, and vice versa. For men, the most important adaptive problem to solve was that of finding a mate. Men who did not solve this problem are not our ancestors. For women, the most important adaptive problem to solve was that of successfully bearing and raising children. Women who did not solve this problem are not our ancestors. These small differences underlie all the differences described in the book, including sex differences in mate preferences, physiology, cognition, aggression, status striving, and emotional experience. It can also help explain the differential treatment of children by parents, the differential success of boys and girls in modern schools, and sex differences in style of communication.

Descent Of Woman

Author : Elaine Morgan
ISBN : 9780285639843
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 86 MB
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This pioneering work, originally published in 1972, was the first to argue irrefutably the equal role of women in human evolution.

Woman S Evolution

Author : Evelyn Reed
ISBN : OCLC:256242987
Genre :
File Size : 31. 56 MB
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The Evolutionary Biology Of Human Female Sexuality

Author : Randy Thornhill
ISBN : 0199712484
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 36. 75 MB
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Research conducted in the last fifteen years has placed in question many of the traditional conclusions scholars have formed about human female sexuality. Though conventional wisdom asserts that women's estrus has been evolutionarily lost, Randy Thornhill and Steven W. Gangestad assert that it is present, though concealed. Women, they propose, therefore exhibit two sexualities each ovulatory cycle-estrus and sexuality outside of the estrous phase, extended sexuality-that possess distinct functions. Synthesizing research in behavioral evolution and comparative biology, the authors provide a new theoretical framework for understanding the evolution of human female sexuality, one that is rooted in female sexuality and phylogeny across all vertebrate animals.

The Evolution Of Human Sexuality

Author : Donald Symons
ISBN : 9780199878475
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 72. 87 MB
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Anthropology, Sexual Studies, Psychology, Sociology, Gender and Cultural Studies

The Woman That Never Evolved

Author : Sarah Blaffer Hrdy
ISBN : 9780674038875
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 99 MB
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Hailed as a ground-breaking synthesis of feminism and evolutionary theory when first published, The Woman That Never Evolved is a bold and refreshing answer to contemporary versions of social Darwinism that shoehorn female nature into narrow stereotypes. Sarah Blaffer Hrdy, a leader in modern primatology, argues that evolutionary theorists' emphasis on sexual competition among males for access to females overlooks selection pressures on females themselves. In a vivid account of what female primates themselves actually do to secure their own reproductive advantage, she demolishes myths about sexually passive, "coy," compliant, exclusively nurturing females. Her lucid and compelling account of the great range of behaviors in many species of primates expands the concept of female nature to include the full range of selection pressures on females, and reminds us of the true complexity and dynamism of the evolutionary story.

Man S Greatest Fear

Author : Tim Marshall
ISBN : 0964575000
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76. 82 MB
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In MAN'S GREATEST FEAR, psychologist Dr. Tim Marshall explores the subconscious fears of man. These fears force man to dominate woman as well as trigger the violent & destructive behavior which fuels his never-ending wars & his relentless, systematic destruction of the environment. Dr. Marshall also analyzes the defense mechanisms operating in the subconscious mind of man which, although they exist to protect him from his subconscious fears, ultimately work to ensure his eventual extinction. Albert Einstein wrote: "Technological progress is like an axe, in the hands of a pathological criminal." Such an understanding of the basic nature of man, coupled with his awesome intelligence & his limited capacity for rational thought, led Einstein to conclude: "We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if mankind is to survive." Man is not capable of the "new manner of thinking" to which Einstein refers. Under man's leadership, the human race is careening toward its own extinction. As Dr. Marshall explains in his book, the only chance our species has for survival lies in turning man's greatest fear into reality. MAN'S GREATEST FEAR is published by Athena Books, P.O. Box 2282, Gilroy, CA 95021-2282, & sells for $11.00. FAX: 408-842-1019.

Women After All Sex Evolution And The End Of Male Supremacy

Author : Melvin Konner
ISBN : 9780393246544
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 96 MB
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“A sparkling, thought-provoking account of sexual differences. Whether you’re a man or a woman, you’ll find his conclusions gripping.”—Jared Diamond There is a human genetic fluke that is surprisingly common, due to a change in a key pair of chromosomes. In the normal condition the two look the same, but in this disorder one is malformed and shrunken beyond recognition. The result is a shortened life span, higher mortality at all ages, an inability to reproduce, premature hair loss, and brain defects variously resulting in attention deficit, hyperactivity, conduct disorder, hypersexuality, and an enormous excess of both outward and self-directed aggression. It is called maleness. Melvin Konner traces the arc of evolution to explain the relationships between women and men. With patience and wit he explores the knotty question of whether men are necessary in the biological destiny of the human race. He draws on multiple, colorful examples from the natural world—such as the mating habits of the octopus, black widow, angler fish, and jacana—and argues that maleness in humans is hardly necessary to the survival of the species. In characteristically humorous and engaging prose, Konner sheds light on our biologically different identities, while noting the poignant exceptions that challenge the male/female divide. We meet hunter-gatherers such as those in Botswana, whose culture gave women a prominent place, invented the working mother, and respected women’s voices around the fire. Recent human history has upset this balance, as a dense world of war fostered extreme male dominance. But our species has been recovering over the past two centuries, and an unstoppable move toward equality is afoot. It will not be the end of men, but it will be the end of male supremacy and a better, wiser world for women and men alike.

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